President Theodore Roosevelt. The book recounts his role in overthrowing democratically elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh with triumphant zeal. The book was first published in , coinciding with the Iranian revolution. In , a paperback release was issued, after which it has remained out of print. Some are signed by the author. The book jacket's description reads: "It was typical Washington weather, hot and humid, as the author was hurrying to a meeting with John Foster Dulles at the State Department.
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Kermit Roosevelt, who was a member of the famous American political family but who made his contributions to the nation in the shadowy world of spy craft, died Thursday at a retirement community in Cockeysville, Md.
He was Roosevelt's best-known exploit was as director of the coup that overthrew the leader of Iran, Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh, a nationalist who concerned Washington because he was supported by the Iranian Communists at the height of the cold war.
Earlier this year, the Central Intelligence Agency's secret history of the coup surfaced, providing a detailed account of the overthrow, which brought Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi to power. Roosevelt, the chief of the C. The history continued: ''Roosevelt pointed out that there was no other way by which the government could be changed and the test was now between Mr.
Mossadegh and his force and the shah and the army, which was still with him, but which would soon slip away. Roosevelt told the shah that ''failure to act could lead only to a Communist Iran or to a second Korea. On Aug. Roosevelt to leave Iran immediately. He refused, insisting that there was still ''a slight remaining chance of success. After the tide started to turn against Mr. Mossadegh, Mr. Roosevelt got one of the coup leaders, Gen.
Fazlollah Zahedi, out of hiding and he made a radio address to the nation that brought the forces over to the shah's side.
It was the C. Roosevelt's C. Every operation cannot go on forever. He was born in Buenos Aires, where his father, also named Kermit, was a banker and shipping line official, and he grew up in Oyster Bay, N. In , Mr. Roosevelt graduated a year ahead of his class at Harvard and married Mary Lowe Gaddis.
Roosevelt, who lived in the retirement community with her husband, survives him, as do their three sons, another Kermit, of Washington; Jonathan, of Sudbury, Mass. The younger Kermit Roosevelt noted today that the tradition of naming boys Kermit, without a differing middle name or a Jr. He added that alternate Kermits were also known as Kim, and that was the case of his spy father.
Philby served in Washington as Britain's liaison to American intelligence during the cold war. Philby later turned up in Moscow, escaping just as British counterintelligence was closing in on him as a Soviet spy. The younger Mr. Roosevelt said today, ''Philby once said of my father, 'He was the last person you'd expect to be up to his neck in dirty tricks.
Roosevelt added that her husband never told her what he had done during World War II, when he was in the Office of Strategic Services, the forerunner to the C. His son said today that he thought his father was involved in planning the invasion of Italy. After graduating from Harvard, Mrs. Roosevelt said, her husband ''tried to teach history to the techy boys at Cal Tech,'' and then entered the military during World War II.
After the war, Mr. Roosevelt stayed on in the intelligence agency and wrote and edited the history of the Office of Strategic Services. After leaving government, he represented American companies in the Middle East and worked in Washington as a lobbyist for foreign governments, including the shah's. Frederic P. Hitz, the Weinberg Goldman Sachs Professor of International Relations at Princeton University, said the book ''showed how covert actions were authorized in those days, without oversight.
It was just a group of people sitting around in an office at the White House -- not the Oval Office. Because of the success of the Iranian coup, Professor Hitz said, Mr. Roosevelt ''was offered the opportunity to overthrow the government of Guatemala, and he turned it down. John Waller, one of Mr. Roosevelt's intelligence colleagues, said today that Winston Churchill had asked Mr.
Roosevelt to discuss the overthrow of Mr. Mossadegh and, with Mr. Waller paraphrasing, said, ''Kim, if I were a young man again, I would have done anything to have worked with you in that operation. Waller said that Mr.
Roosevelt had been brought up in what the British called ''the great game,'' the secret rivalry between Britain and Russia in the late 19th century. Waller said. Kermit Roosevelt, Leader of C. Coup in Iran, Dies at View on timesmachine. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers.
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Kermit "Kim" Roosevelt Jr. Roosevelt went on to establish American Friends of the Middle East , and later played a lead role in the Central Intelligence Agency 's efforts to overthrow Mohammad Mosaddegh , the Majlis-appointed leader of Iran, in August Kermit Roosevelt Jr. Kim attended Groton School as a young man. He was survived by his wife, children, a brother, and seven grandchildren, including Kermit Roosevelt III , a law professor. After graduating from Harvard, Roosevelt taught history at Caltech. On June 4, , when Kim was 27, his father, Kermit Sr.
Kermit Roosevelt Jr.
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Countercoup: The Struggle for the Control of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddeq and the Coup in Iran June 22, After first balking at the potential exposure of numerous "secrets," the CIA relented when Roosevelt agreed to delete all mention of MI6 and made over other changes that rendered the book "essentially a work of fiction," according to recently declassified CIA files posted today by the National Security Archive. They are posted here for the first time. Missing from the documents is what happened when British Petroleum discovered that Countercoup falsely identified its predecessor, the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company AIOC , as the instigator of the operation. In fact, MI6 originated the plan. The oil concern threatened to file suit, which prompted publisher McGraw-Hill to pull virtually the entire print run of 7, copies in In a final twist, the revised version of the book hit the streets in August retaining the date on the copyright page , but with the reinsertion of numerous references to "British intelligence" as the key player on the British side replacing "AIOC" , even though disguising MI6's role had been one of the principal reasons for censoring the volume in the first place.