There have been many attempts to unravel its historical growth and compositional layers. At about 1. He also describes the Guru-shishya parampara, which traces all great teachers and their students of the Vedic times. The epic employs the story within a story structure, otherwise known as frametales, popular in many Indian religious and non-religious works.
|Published (Last):||8 March 2016|
|PDF File Size:||20.72 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.83 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to him. It is also known as Vyasa Purnima , the day believed to be both of his birth and when he divided the Vedas. Vyasa appears for the first time as the compiler of, and an important character in, the Mahabharata. It is said that he was the expansion of the God Vishnu , who came in Dwaparayuga to make all the Vedic knowledge from oral tradition available in written form.
He was the son of Satyavati , adopted daughter of the fisherman Dusharaj and the wandering sage Parashara , who is credited with being the author of the first Purana , Vishnu Purana. According to legend, in a previous life Vyasa was the Sage Apantaratamas, who was born when Lord Vishnu uttered the syllable "Bhu".
Since birth, he already possessed the knowledge of the Vedas, the Dharmashastras and the Upanishads. At Vishnu 's behest, he was reborn as Vyasa. Vyasa was the son of Sage Parashara and great grandson of Sage Vashistha. Prior to Vyasa's birth, Parashara had performed a severe penance to Lord Shiva. Shiva granted a boon that Parashara 's son would be a Brahmarshi equal to Vashistha and would be famous for his knowledge.
Parashara begot Vyasa with Satyavati. She conceived and immediately gave birth to Vyasa. Vyasa became an adult and left, promising his mother that he would come to her when needed. Vyasa acquired his knowledge from the four Kumaras, Narada and Lord Brahma himself.
Vyasa is believed to have lived on the banks of Ganga in modern-day Uttarakhand. The site was also the ritual home of the sage Vashishta , along with the Pandavas , the five brothers of the Mahabharata. According to the Mahabharata , the sage Vyasa was the son of Satyavati and Parashara.
During her youth, Satyavati was a fisherwoman who used to drive a boat. One day, sage Parashara was in a hurry to attend a Yajna. Satyavati helped him cross the river borders.
Parashara was enchanted by the beauty of Satyavati and wanted his heir from her. Initially she did not agree to his demand telling that other saints would see them, and her purity would be questioned. So Parashara created a secret place with bushes and Satyavati agreed. Satyavati later gave birth to Vyasa. Parashara took away Vyasa with him when he was born.
She kept this incident a secret, not telling even King Shantanu whom she was married to later. After many years, Shantanu and Satyavati had two sons, named Chitrangada and Vichitravirya.
Chitrangada was killed by Gandharvas in a battle, while Vichitravirya was weak and ill all the time. Satyavati then asked Bhisma to fetch queens for Vichitravirya.
Bhishma attended the swayamvara conducted by the king of Kashi present-day Varanasi , and defeated all the kings. Amba openly rebuted the swayamvara as she was in love with the prince of shalva, which was against the rule of swayamvara. Later bhishma came to know that King of Kashi did not know about the love of his elder daughter, so Bhishma released Amba and allowed her to go to Shalva kingdom and marry the prince who later rejected her.
She came back to Bhishma and asked him to marry her, which he could not due to his vow of life long celibacy. She shuttled between Bhishma and Shalva with no success. Due to this she vowed to kill Bhishma. During the wedding ceremony, Vichitravirya collapsed and died. Satyavati was clueless on how to save the clan from perishing.
She asked Bhishma to marry both the queens, who refused citing his vow and the promise that he made to her and his father, never to marry. He, therefore, could not father an heir to the kingdom. Later, Satyavati revealed to Bhishma, secrets from her past life and requested him to bring Vyasa to Hastinapur. Sage Vyasa had a fierce personality and a bright, glowing spiritual aura around him.
Hence upon seeing him, Ambika who was rather scared shut her eyes, resulting in their child, Dhritarashtra , being born blind. The other queen, Ambalika, turned pale upon meeting Vyasa, which resulted in their child, Pandu , being born pale.
Alarmed, Satyavati requested that Vyasa meet Ambika again and grant her another son. Ambika instead sent her maid to meet Vyasa. The duty-bound maid was calm and composed; she had a healthy child who was later named Vidura. Shuka appears occasionally in the story as a spiritual guide to the young Kuru princes. Hindus traditionally hold that Vyasa categorised the primordial single Veda into three canonical collections and that the fourth one, known as Atharvaveda , was recognized as Veda only very much later.
Hence he was called Veda Vyasa, or "Splitter of the Vedas," the splitting being a feat that allowed people to understand the divine knowledge of the Veda. The word vyasa means split, differentiate or describe.
The Vishnu Purana has a theory about Vyasa. Each cycle is presided over by a number of Manus , one for each Manvantara , that has four ages, Yugas of declining virtues. The Dvapara Yuga is the third Yuga. The Vishnu Purana Book 3, Ch 3 says:. In every third world age Dvapara , Vishnu, in the person of Vyasa, in order to promote the good of mankind, divides the Veda, which is properly but one, into many portions. Observing the limited perseverance, energy and application of mortals, he makes the Veda fourfold, to adapt it to their capacities; and the bodily form which he assumes, in order to effect that classification, is known by the name of Veda-vyasa.
Of the different Vyasas in the present Manvantara and the branches which they have taught, you shall have an account. Twenty-eight times have the Vedas been arranged by the great Rishis in the Vaivasvata Manvantara The first Ganesha imposes a precondition that he would do so only if Vyasa would narrate the story without a pause. Vyasa set a counter-condition that Ganesha understand the verses first before transcribing them.
Vyasa is supposed to have meditated and authored the epic by the foothills of the river Beas Vipasa in the Punjab region. Sanjaya narrates the particulars of the Kurukshetra War, fought in eighteen days, chronologically. Dhritarashtra at times asks questions and expresses doubts, sometimes lamenting, fearing the destruction the war would bring on his family, friends and kin. Sanjaya, in the beginning, gives a description of the various continents of the Earth and numerous planets, and focuses on the Indian subcontinent.
Additionally, he gives descriptions of the military formations adopted by each side on each day, the death of individual heroes and the details of the war-races.
Thus, the Jaya deals with diverse subjects, such as geography, history, warfare, religion and morality. It is structured as a narration by Ugrasrava Sauti , a professional storyteller, to an assembly of rishis who, in the forest of Naimisha, had just attended the 12 year sacrifice known as Saunaka, also known as Kulapati. The Brahma Sutras are attributed to Badarayana — which makes him the proponent of the crest-jewel school of Hindu philosophy, i.
Vaishnava Acharyas acknowledge that Badarayana is indeed Vyasa and he is known as Badarayana as he had his ashram in Badari kshetram. There may have been more than one Vyasa, or the name Vyasa may have been used at times to give credibility to a number of ancient texts.
However, Vyasa is credited with documenting, compiling, categorizing and writing commentaries on much of this literature. Vyasa is widely revered in Hindu traditions. The temple is known as Shri Bal Vyas Mandir. This beautiful temple has now also become a popular tourist destination. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 4 June Divine sage in ancient India. For the title for the divider of Vedas, see Vyasa title.
For the crater on Mercury, see Vyasa crater. For the Brahmin community often pronounced as Vyas, see Bias Brahmin. For other uses, see Vyasa disambiguation. Vyasa granting divine vision to Sanjaya , on his son, Dhritarashtra 's request in the Mahabharata.
Parashara father Satyavati mother. Teachers Acharyas. Adi Shankara. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Tantra Shakta. Major texts. Main article: Vyasa title. Main article: Mahabharata. Main article: Puranas. Main article: Brahma Sutras. Hinduism portal Poetry portal. Chinmaya Mission. Himalayan Academy Publications. Retrieved 14 September Journal of Folklore Research.
Vyasa Bharatham - Vol 1 (Tamil)
The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to him. It is also known as Vyasa Purnima , the day believed to be both of his birth and when he divided the Vedas. Vyasa appears for the first time as the compiler of, and an important character in, the Mahabharata. It is said that he was the expansion of the God Vishnu , who came in Dwaparayuga to make all the Vedic knowledge from oral tradition available in written form. He was the son of Satyavati , adopted daughter of the fisherman Dusharaj and the wandering sage Parashara , who is credited with being the author of the first Purana , Vishnu Purana.
The Mahabharata of Vyasa – English Prose Translation