The President asked His Majesty for his advice regarding the problem of Jewish refugees driven from their homes in Europe. The Jews whose homes were completely destroyed and who have no chance of livelihood in their homelands should be given living space in the Axis countries which oppressed them. The President remarked that Poland might be considered a case in point. The Germans appear to have killed three million Polish Jews, by which count there should be space in Poland for the resettlement of many homeless Jews. His Majesty called attention to the increasing threat to the existence of the Arabs and the crisis which has resulted from continued Jewish immigration and the purchase of land by the Jews. His Majesty further stated that the Arabs would choose to die rather than yield their lands to the Jews.
|Published (Last):||11 February 2016|
|PDF File Size:||19.96 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.96 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
When Churchill learned of the meetings, he hastened to schedule talks of his own. But a change was already under way. In both Republicans and Democrats vied for Jewish votes with pro-Zionist planks in their campaign platforms. Historian Robert Rosen and others point out that Roosevelt had also privately promised his Jewish friends to try to solve the problem of Palestine before the war was over. Historians Richard Breitman and Allan J. Lichtman recount that after the election he began to make plans for the Yalta trip, stating to Secretary of State Edward R.
Franklin Roosevelt and Ibn Saud meeting aboard the U. Quincy, February 14, FDR also knew that Saudi Arabia badly needed outside funds for development.
By all accounts the meeting with King Abdulaziz was extraordinary. Ibn Saud and his retinue of 47—which included an astrologer and food taster—traveled across the Arabian peninsula from Riyadh to Jeddah where they boarded the U. Only once before had the king left the Arabian peninsula. A flock of sheep, brought along for fresh meat, grazed in a corral. Food was cooked on charcoal braziers on the deck. Abdulaziz, 64 years old, a large and imposing black-bearded man dressed in Arab robes, his headdress regally bound with golden cords, was seated on a golden throne.
The king was attended by barefoot Arab warriors armed with long rifles, each with a scimitar bound to his waist. Roosevelt waited on the U. S Quincy , surrounded by his own retinue of admirals and high-ranking diplomats. Ibn Saud was transferred to the Quincy and the two leaders, meeting from 10 a.
S , which marked the beginning of the Saudi Air Force. When he saw that the king had trouble walking, FDR spontaneously gave him one of his wheelchairs. The gifts were extraordinary, but not as extraordinary as the meeting itself. Formal talks began after they had exchanged the gifts and enjoyed lunch and Arabian coffee. Memoir of the meeting by Col. William A. Eddy, U.
Minister to Saudi Arabia and translator of the meeting. Minister to Saudi Arabia Col. Eddy, who was deeply involved in the intricate intercultural arrangements for the meeting. Born in what is now Lebanon, Eddy was fluent in Arabic, and as translator, was the only person to hear both sides of the conversation between the two leaders.
With Ibn Saud he was at his very best. If the Allies do not expect firmly to control future German policy, why fight this costly war? What injury have Arabs done to the Jews of Europe? According to Arab custom, he said, survivors and victims of battle were distributed among the victors according to their number and their supplies of food and water.
But the king was adamant. Was his confidence shaken? He later told Eleanor Roosevelt that his failure to convince Ibn Saud was his one complete failure. There was nothing I could do with him. We talked for three hours and I argued with the old fellow up hill and down dale, but he stuck to his guns. He said he could see the flood engulfing his lands, Jews pouring in from Eastern Europe and from America, from the Riviera and from California, and he could not bear the thought.
He was an old man and he had swollen ankles and he wanted to live out his life in peace without leaving a memory of himself as a traitor to the Arab cause [quoted in Rosen, p. Roosevelt himself had less than two months to live. Why did he do it? Surely he knew that his life was slipping away. Too ill to endure a fourth inauguration ceremony on Capitol Hill, a swearing in was held at the White House followed by the second briefest inaugural address in history.
It was, after all, the foundational idea for the United Nations—that is, that seemingly intractable problems can be solved in a world organization that brings people together to overcome their differences. A belief fervently shared by Eleanor Roosevelt, for FDR it was the only hope that the world could avert war. He died on April There has been no end to war, but neither has there been a Third World War. Bohlen, Charles E. Witness to History: Norton, Breitman, Richard and Allan J.
FDR and the Jews. Coppola, John. Freidel, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Rendezvous with Destiny. Boston and New York: Little Brown, Lippman, Thomas, W. Rosen, Robert. Saving the Jews: Franklin D.
Roosevelt and the Holocaust. Search Search. You Tube.
How FDR Charmed a Saudi King and Won U.S. Access to Oil
When Churchill learned of the meetings, he hastened to schedule talks of his own. But a change was already under way. In both Republicans and Democrats vied for Jewish votes with pro-Zionist planks in their campaign platforms. Historian Robert Rosen and others point out that Roosevelt had also privately promised his Jewish friends to try to solve the problem of Palestine before the war was over. Historians Richard Breitman and Allan J.
F D R Meets Ibn Saud
A secret war-time meeting. Fear of an oil shortage. An exchange of gifts including a wheelchair and a budding friendship. When Franklin D. Navy destroyer in the Suez Canal , it was the first time a U.