LEY ANTIOBESIDAD EN MEXICO PDF

On a visit to southern Mexico in , I was shocked to see Coca-Cola billboards dotting rural highways, and roadside tiendas selling bottles of Coke along with local produce. Mexico consumes more gallons of sugary beverages per year than any other country. Mexico also just surpassed the U. Mortality rates due to heart attack, diabetes, and high blood pressure have increased significantly along with the spike in obesity rates.

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On a visit to southern Mexico in , I was shocked to see Coca-Cola billboards dotting rural highways, and roadside tiendas selling bottles of Coke along with local produce. Mexico consumes more gallons of sugary beverages per year than any other country. Mexico also just surpassed the U. Mortality rates due to heart attack, diabetes, and high blood pressure have increased significantly along with the spike in obesity rates.

Mexico, like many other developing countries in the global South, is currently going through a nutrition transition. This means it is moving away from a traditional diet high in fruits, vegetables, grains and occasional animal protein, toward a diet that is highly processed, full of animal products, and high in sugar and fat.

Nutrition transitions almost always accompany economic transitions. Rising income is a big factor of changing diets in Mexico and elsewhere. However, trade liberalization also plays a huge role in what food is accessible in developing countries. A spike also took place in the amount of raw soy and corn imports : two products used to make highly processed foods and feed livestock. According to the U.

A recent study linked these and other resulting dietary changes with an unsettlingly high 12 percent increase in obesity in Mexico between and Though obviously an unintended consequence of NAFTA, this shows that trade can actually impact public health. Interestingly, a review of literature indicates that the closer you are to the U. For example, a study at the University of California, Los Angeles, found that Mexican children living in households with close or extended family members migrating to the United States for work had a higher chance of becoming overweight or obese than children without migrant networks.

A study showed that a higher degree of familiarity with U. Although the prevalence of abdominal obesity among adults over 20 in all Mexican states is relatively high between By contrast, the two states with the lowest rates of abdominal obesity, Oaxaca and Chiapas, are located in the very southern part of Mexico, farthest from the United States. This fact is remarkable: sheer proximity to the United States has a bearing on diet and obesity rates. Although statistics paint a bleak picture, the Mexican government has taken some steps to address the emerging public health threats within its borders.

This required physical education in public elementary and middle schools and restricted the amount of calories, salt, and fat in foods sold in public schools. All of this leads to the question: how can a country like Mexico go through a nutrition transition without jumping from under-nutrition to over-nutrition?

For sure, the solutions need to be multi-faceted. Perhaps a law banning processed food sales entirely from public schools would reduce the amount of it that students eat during the day. Forward-thinking policy would also subsidize local fruit and vegetable growers and connect them with schools, both supporting local economies and encouraging healthy eating habits among school-aged children. Although rewriting trade agreements, i. Judy Bankman is a public health professional and freelance writer focusing on the intersection of agriculture, health, and the environment.

She is especially interested in regenerative agriculture and innovative food entrepreneurship. You must be logged in to post a comment. Log In Account. Judy Bankman Judy Bankman is a public health professional and freelance writer focusing on the intersection of agriculture, health, and the environment.

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Mexico: Public Health, Rising Obesity and the NAFTA Effect

Nevertheless, major industries, such as Coca-Cola, have been able to continuously obstruct the prioritization of those policies targeting the consumption, marketing and sale of their products. To better understand why this has occurred, this article introduces a political science agenda-setting framework and applies it to the case of Coca-Cola in Mexico. Methodologically, I employ qualitative single case study analysis, combining an analysis of 26 case study documents and seven in-depth stake-holder interviews. Key Messages Political science theory can go far in helping to unravel and understand how major soda industries in Mexico, such as Coca-Cola, can continue to influence regulatory policy and scientific research. The product of global economic integration, foreign trade and economic growth, in recent years Mexico has seen one of the highest levels of per-capita consumption of sugary-beverage and fast foods in the Americas Luxton, While this situation has been underpinned by the emergence of a thriving middle-income class, it has also contributed to the growth of non-communicable diseases NCDs. Mexico: NCD Deaths diabetes, cardiovascular, chronic obstructive pulmonary; reported deaths.

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